Tag Archives: Inheritance

Separate Assets, Joint Problems

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Some married couples enjoy living together while keeping their financial assets separate. Separate ownership of assets can be advantageous in some instances, but oftentimes loving couples misunderstand the results of holding separate assets.  The Wall Street Journal recently highlighted four potential pitfalls for couples maintaining separate accounts:

  1. The assets are not necessarily separate under Nevada law.

Simply having your name on an account does not mean the account is yours alone.  Under Nevada law, pursuant to community property principles, all of your earnings and wages after marriage are the property of both parties.   This is true even if you have your paycheck deposited into a separate account.

Nevada inheritance laws can surprise couples. If you die without a will and leave a surviving spouse, no children and surviving parents, your parents are entitled to a portion of your estate.  Many spouses intend for their entire estate to go to a surviving spouse.  However, unless that desire is set forth in a will or trust, the state may direct otherwise.

  1. Separate accounts most often mean lack of communication.

Communication between spouses is critical.  Many spouses have separate retirement accounts and manage those accounts in isolation.  This isolated planning can undermine the couple’s financial objectives and their combined risk tolerance.  Regularly, I meet with clients where both spouses are unaware of accounts or policies that one spouse possesses.  These omissions could cause the account proceeds to go missing or remain unclaimed for long periods of time.

In addition, holding similar investments in two separate accounts can be more costly.  Combining the separate holdings may result in lower advisory fees.

  1. Separately-owned property may be at greater risk in bankruptcy or a lawsuit.

Nevada has very liberal exemptions for bankruptcy purposes.  These protections can be utilized best by conferring with an attorney who focuses on asset protection planning.

Joint ownership can make your assets less appealing to creditors.  Creditors loathe joint assets in which they will hold only a one-half interest.  Separately-owned property is less-protected from creditors.  The home is the primary asset to hold jointly or through a trust.

  1. Separate accounts are more difficult to administer.

The death of a loved one causes plenty of heartache.  Maintaining separate account causes needless headaches too.  The time delay in accessing separately-owned accounts can lead to draining financial stress.  Many financial institutions demand formal court orders before allowing access to financial accounts, even when such orders are not necessary.  At a minimum, couples should maintain a joint checking or savings account to make sure the day-to-day expenses can be satisfied.

Talking to Heirs About Their Inheritance

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Do your heirs know how much they stand to inherit from you?  Have you ever received an unexpected inheritance?  Many clients debate how they should notify their heirs of the amount and extent of the expected inheritance.  On April 22, 2013, the Wall Street Journal published an aptly-titled article “The Inheritance Conversation. Ugh.”  Many fear the inheritance topic and avoid the subject just as they avoid adequate estate planning.  However, there are practical steps you can take to assure that your heirs are prepared for the receipt of assets and property.

Most recognize the importance of preparing and disclosing information about inheritance to their heirs, yet few take the time properly prepare their heirs.  Children should not receive much financial information until they reach their 20s.  While certain teenagers may be precocious and able to comprehend the value of a dollar, clients must be cautious to avoid undermining their work ethic. Simply telling children how much they stand to inherit can weaken the determination of even the most capable individuals.

Importantly, children of wealthy parents will not learn financial management by osmosis.  Parents must take an active role in educating and informing their children about financial planning and management.  Several advisors recommend a mentorship whereby the heirs are given an opportunity to manage a smaller portion of the assets.  As the heirs gain in knowledge and ability the children or others can be given more knowledge of the family’s wealth.

One crucial element is requiring heirs to secure and maintain jobs.  With their earnings, the heirs can be instructed on the importance of saving and sharing their assets. Most successful wealth transfers occur where children have learned the value of work and wages earned.

I continually remind clients that their best laid plans can be undone by unexpected health concerns or other financial catastrophes (see the most recent recession).  For those who have a revocable living trust, I urge them to remind their children that the children’s shares are not fixed and can be altered.  No one should expect or rely upon a set amount of money or assets passing to them.

Simply start with a basic conversation with family members and other heirs.  Avoiding this topic can cause confusion, mistrust and leave heirs unprepared to manage the family’s wealth.  For those who need assistance in this process, our office is experienced in wealth transfer planning.